014 Postgres command line : psql : Create SQL function referring to a table or column that does not yet exist

I was trying to write a script that would allow me to measure distances to schools and my original script gradually built up tables that were subsequently deleted. Worked fine in one big sql script but when I tried to convert this into a function so that it could be more easily stored with the database I kept on getting error messages stating that it was not possible to create sql that referred to objects that did not exist. Postgres validates functions and will at default prevent creation of functions containing SQL that refers to objects not yet in existence.

Postgres does not however save dependencies for code in the function body. So although once the function is created the tables and views can be dropped (and the function still exists) in default you need a set of tables in place with default settings before the function can be created. One workaround would be to create dummy tables and views in advance and later drop them but this if often clunky and awkward. Luckily this validation can be turned off.

BEGIN;
SET LOCAL check_function_bodies TO FALSE;
CREATE or REPLACE FUNCTION examplefunction() Returns void AS $$
  CREATE TABLE t001 (pkid serial primary key, field1 varchar(20));
$$ LANGUAGE sql;
COMMIT;

Documentation says

check_function_bodies (boolean)

This parameter is normally on. When set to off, it disables validation of the function body string during CREATE FUNCTION. Disabling validation avoids side effects of the validation process and avoids false positives due to problems such as forward references. Set this parameter to off before loading functions on behalf of other users; pg_dump does so automatically.

see here
Documentation

Totally invaluable when you write scripts like I do.

Author: Mark

Mark Brooks a forty something individual working and living in and around Edinburgh